Academicly speaking, mutations in the genes of normal cells cause the normal cells to turn into cancer cells, and as their numbers increase, they develop cancer.
Exposure to normal cells, such as smoking, carcinogens and carcinogenic pathogens, which are known to be a risk factor for cancer, causes mutations in genes.
Although genes inherited from parents have some effect on cancer development, cancer development is largely influenced.
Cancer is a generic term for a wide variety of diseases whose causes, nature and manifestations can vary widely, there is no clear definition of cancer.
In all, over 260,000 people living with cancer at some point in their lives live in Finland.
Above all, cancer is a disease of the elderly, as the population ages, the incidence of cancer also increases.
What Causes Cancer?
Cancer is due to damage to genes, these changes may be due to accidental or exposure to a carcinogen.
Carcinogens are called carcinogens:
For example, the carcinogen may be a chemical substance such as certain molecules of tobacco smoke. Habitat factors, virus and hereditary factors can cause cancer.
In most cases of cancer, one single cause of cancer cannot be identified.
The risk factors for cancer can be roughly divided into the following categories:
- biological or intrinsic factors such as age, sex, hereditary genetic defects and skin type
- environmental exposures, such as radon and UV radiation and fine particles
- occupational hazards, ie carcinogens such as many chemicals, radioactive materials and asbestos
- lifestyle factors
Lifestyle-related carcinogens include, but are not limited to:
- ultraviolet radiation from the sun
- some nutritional factors (such as nitrites and polyaromatic hydrocarbons from barbecue)
- Read more about cancer prevention
Symptoms of Cancer
The symptoms of cancer are manifold, early cancer is often asymptomatic.
Symptoms of cancer may vary considerably, many of the symptoms of cancer resemble those of many other diseases, many cancers develop slowly over the years and symptoms usually worsen over time.
Symptoms of cancer may include:
- lump or ulcer that does not heal (also in mouth)
- a creation that changes shape, size or color
- a skin change or skin lesion that has not existed before and is growing
- bloody vomiting, bloody stools or urine, bloody cough
- long-standing cough
- long lasting hoarse throat
- changes in defecation
- unexplained weight loss
- When to treat
- Birth control
Not always the symptoms described above are signs of cancer, if you have worrying symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor.
We research and treat malignant cancers that require radiation or advanced medical treatment, we also respond to palliative care and quality of life treatment for patients who are incurably ill.
Successful cancer treatment often requires a combination of multiple treatments, the most commonly used treatments for us are radiation therapy and anti-cancer therapy, we also respond to palliative care and quality of life treatment for patients who are incurably ill.
The largest patient groups in our care are:
- Breast Cancer Patients
- Prostate Cancer Patients
- Patients with gastrointestinal cancers
- lung Cancer Patients